Updated: Dec 24, 2019
Picking the flooring material might well be one of the most important considerations when designing interiors of your home. A well chosen flooring idea can uplift and dramatically change the look of your home. The floor is the base canvas upon which the patterns, colors, design of your furniture and other decorations will be based.
Today, there are lot of different flooring options, some popular and others lesser known. Vinyl, laminate, marble or ceramic tiles can be a good choice for your home. So before you get started on your flooring project, it pays to do a little research on the different kinds of flooring and learn about their costs and benefits. Then, you can find a floor that fits both your space and your budget.
To help you in your decision process, we have listed the types of flooring materials and advantages they offer:
One of the most popular and affordable option suitable for both interior and exterior use, vitrified tiles are available in glossy, matte and anti-skid finishes. Available in wide range of colors, finishes and prints, vitrified tiles –an option for those want a different pattern of flooring for every room. Tiles can simulate natural materials such as wood, bamboo and even marble making it a versatile option.
Advantages: Generally coated with an external glaze, these tiles have a low water absorption rate and are durable.
Disadvantages: Prone to breakage, might need a good installation team, and they have a shorter lifespan.
Vinyl Flooring is another affordable option that is available for people who want aesthetics at an efficient cost. It’s made from a layer of PVC (short for polyvinyl chloride) plastic over a layer of felt. Available designs can convincingly simulate hardwood and stone finishes, vinyl is one of the relatively inexpensive options in India.
Advantages: Vinyl is a tough material that stands up to both moisture and heavy traffic. It’s comfortable to walk on and warmer on bare feet than tile.
Disadvantages: Vinyl flooring varies in quality. Low cost options often have a fake look and it is susceptible to discoloration when it comes in contact with rubber. One of the biggest complaints about vinyl is that it’s not eco-friendly.
Though hardwood flooring is relatively expensive when compared to other flooring options, it’s still a very popular choice in terms of aesthetics. Hardwood flooring is available in strips, planks and parquet patterns. These floors can be quite durable if you care for maintain them well.
Advantages: Wood floors are fairly easy to clean. It’s also very long-lasting it can be refinished to remove surface scratches for about five times.
Disadvantages: They shrink and swell due to changes in temperature making them vulnerable to dents. Wear and tear can sometimes cause noises, creaks and squeaking.
Laminate flooring is gaining popularity in India for its strength and durability. Laminate flooring is constructed much like engineered wood, with a thin veneer over layers of plywood or compressed fiber. Wide range of patterns and finishes available makes it a good choice for various decor styles in Indian homes.
Advantages: Laminate flooring is easy to install and is fairly resistant to stains and water damage. Also requires very little maintenance
Disadvantages: Like tiles, laminate can be slippery when wet – so, make sure you ask for the ‘slip-resistant’ kind. Complete replacement can be the only option as it cannot be re-polished or re-done.
Natural Stone Flooring
Stone flooring has been a favourite of homeowners in India over the years. The term “natural stone” stands for a variety of naturally occurring material in contrast to available synthetic or manufactured stone products. Marble, limestone, granite, travertine and sandstone are popular examples of natural stone flooring with different patterns, look and properties.
With its unique character of no-two-pieces-look-alike, durability, and ageless beauty, this flooring material might well always remain one of the top choices in India.
Advantages: High stain resistance and durability, also fairly easy to maintain. Stone flooring keeps cool for most parts of the year and hence is a good choice in comparison for Indian homes.
Disadvantages: Expensive installation and maintenance, highly porous.
Commonly known as Mosaic Flooring is another very popular type of flooring which has been commonly used in India for years. Terrazzo flooring is made up of chips of granite and marble placed in concrete or similar materials. You might remember them from your grandparent’s home; today these traditional tiles have been re-invented so, if you are planning to add a tinge of Indian classical delight to your home, this could be a great choice.
Advantages: These floors are durable enough to stand the test of time
Disadvantages: Can form micro pores in case installation is not done well.
Brick flooring is widely popular in most parts of India due to its cost effectiveness. Bricks are also aesthetically very versatile; these can be laid in innovative patterns including staggered, basket weave and other arrangements.
To add a hint of a rustic style to your home and maintain a moderate temperature, then this is one of the best options.
Advantages: Bricks are easy to clean and maintain. They are fire resistant and are known for or their extraordinary strength and extensive durability.
Disadvantages: Bricks are highly porous and can chip off easily.
Linoleum is another type of resilient flooring that’s been around for nearly 150 years. Unlike vinyl, it’s made from natural, renewable materials, including cork powder and linseed oil. For decades, it mostly disappeared from homes as vinyl became more popular. Due to its cost efficient and highly versatile nature flooring option, it’s gaining popularity in Indian homes.
Advantages: Linoleum flooring is even more durable than vinyl. It’s an eco-friendly material that produces no harmful emissions.
Disadvantages: Linoleum isn’t as water-resistant as vinyl. The soft surface is prone to dents and scratches from careless usage.